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The first prototype made its maiden flight from Boeing Field in Seattle on September 21, 1942. Initial models were plagued with problems, and faced a constant series of modifications. The most common cause of maintenance headaches and catastrophic failures was the engine.

A total of 3,970 B-29s were built. Boeing built 2,766 B-29s at plants in Wichita, Kansas and Renton, Washington. The Bell Aircraft Co. built 668 Superfortresses in Georgia, and the Glenn L. Martin Co. built 536 in at its plant in Omaha, Nebraska.

In wartime, the B-29 was capable of flight up to 31,850 feet at speeds of 350 mph. Designed as a high-altitude daytime bomber, the B-29 flew more low-altitude nighttime incendiary bombing missions.

The B-29 is most known by many for two missions that occurred in August 1945, over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki that lead to the end of World War II. 

The last B-29 in squadron use retired from service in September 1960.

Restored B-29 Photos Courtesy of the Author

B-29 "Bockscar" on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio
B-29 "Bockscar" on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio
B-29 "Bockscar" on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio
B-29 "Bockscar" on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio
B-29 "Bockscar" on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio
B-29 "Bockscar" on display at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force in Dayton, Ohio
B-29 "Enola Gay" on display at the Udvar-Hazy Museum in Washington, D.C.
B-29 "Enola Gay" on display at the Udvar-Hazy Museum in Washington, D.C.
B-29 "Enola Gay" on display at the Udvar-Hazy Museum in Washington, D.C.
B-29 "Enola Gay" on display at the Udvar-Hazy Museum in Washington, D.C.
B-29 "Enola Gay" on display at the Udvar-Hazy Museum in Washington, D.C.
B-29 "Enola Gay" on display at the Udvar-Hazy Museum in Washington, D.C.
B-29 "Sentimental Journey" on display at the Pima Air & Space Museum in Tucson, Arizona
B-29 "Sentimental Journey" on display at the Pima Air & Space Museum in Tucson, Arizona
B-29 "Peachy" at the Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Musuem
B-29 "Peachy" at the Pueblo Weisbrod Aircraft Musuem in Pueblo, Colorado
B-29 "Raz'n Hell" on display at the Castle Air Museum in Atwater, California
B-29 "Raz'n Hell" on display at the Castle Air Museum in Atwater, California
B-29 Superfortress "Tinker's Heritage" S/N 427343
in the markings of the 57th Weather Recon Squadron
on display at the entrance to Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma City
B-29 Superfortress "Tinker's Heritage" S/N 427343 in the markings of the 57th Weather Recon Squadron at the Charles B. Hall Airpark at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
B-29 Superfortress "Tinker's Heritage" S/N 427343
at the Charles B. Hall Airpark at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
B-29 Superfortress "Tinker's Heritage" S/N 427343 at the Charles B. Hall Airpark at Tinker Air Force Base, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma
Boeing B-29 Superfortress S/N 487627, Buzz Number BF-627, on display at the Global Power Museum
Boeing B-29 Superfortress S/N 487627, Buzz Number BF-627, on display at the Global Power Museum
Boeing B-29 Superfortress S/N 487627 on display at the Global Power Museum
Boeing B-29 Superfortress S/N 487627 on display at the Global Power Museum, Barksdale Air Force Base, Bossier City, Louisiana
B-29 "Hagarty's Hag" at the Hill Aerospace Museum in Ogden, Utah at Hill Air Force Base
B-29 "Hagarty's Hag" at the Hill Aerospace Museum in Ogden, Utah at Hill Air Force Base
B-29 "Hagarty's Hag" at the Hill Aerospace Museum in Ogden, Utah at Hill Air Force Base
B-29 "Hagarty's Hag" at the Hill Aerospace Museum in Ogden, Utah at Hill Air Force Base
B-29 "Hagarty's Hag" at the Hill Aerospace Museum in Ogden, Utah at Hill Air Force Base
B-29 "Hagarty's Hag" at the Hill Aerospace Museum in Ogden, Utah at Hill Air Force Base
B-29 "Duke of Albuquerque" at the National Museum of Nuclear History in Albuquerque, New Mexico
B-29 "Duke of Albuquerque" at the National Museum of Nuclear History in Albuquerque, New Mexico
B-29 Superfortress, S/N 44-84053,
on display at the Museum of Aviation at Robins Air Force Base, Warner-Robins, Georgia
B-29 Superfortress, S/N 44-84053, on display at the Museum of Aviation at Robins AFB, in Warner-Robins, Georgia
B-29 "T-Square 54" at the Museum of Flight in Seattle, Washington (May 2013)
(photo by the PlanesOfThePast staff)
B-29 "T-Square 54" at the Museum of Flight in Seattle, Washington
Boeing WB-50D, S/N 49-0310, a later variant of the B-29, at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force
Boeing B-50, a later variant of the B-29, at the National Museum of the U.S. Air Force

XB-29 Photo Courtesy of the U.S. Air Force

Boeing XB-29, S/N 41-002, seen at Boeing Field in Seattle, on October 1, 1942
(Photo courtesy of Boeing and the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing XB-29, S/N 41-002, seen at Boeing Field in Seattle, on October 1, 1942

Photos Courtesy of Our Friends and Supporters

B-29 Superfortress "Gettin Ready" 5358 with crew photo (photo courtesy of Bob Pile)
B-29 Superfortress "Gettin Ready" 5358 with crew photo
Reverse of the "Gettin Ready" photo with crew names
The airplane commander was 1st Lt. Robert B. Pile of Minneapolis, Minnesota
B-29 Superfortress "Gettin Ready" 5358 with crew photo

B-29 Assembly Line Photos

Boeing B-29 Assembly Line (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Assembly Line (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Assembly Line (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Assembly Line (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Assembly Line (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Assembly Line (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Completed Boeing B-29 Superfortresses parked at the Boeing-Wichita Plant (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Superfortresses parked on tarmac at the Boeing-Wichita Plant

Photos of the B-29 Superfortress on Deployment

Boeing B-29 Superfortress (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Superfortress
Classic WWII military bomber nose art featuring a likeness of actress Jane Russell on the B-29 Superfortress "The Outlaw" from the 1941 movie of the same name. The nose art was painted on B-29 S/N 42-65306 of the 28th Bomb Squadron, 19th Bomb Group. The aircraft later crashed on takeoff in 1951.
(Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Classic WWII military bomber nose art featuring a likeness of actress Jane Russell on the B-29 Superfortress "The Outlaw" from the 1941 movie of the same name. The nose art was painted on B-29 S/N 42-65306 of the 28th Bomb Squadron, 19th Bomb Group. The aircraft later crashed on takeoff in 1951.
Nose art on B-29 Superfortress "Sic 'Em" (Air Force Photo)
Nose art on B-29 Superfortress "Sic 'Em"
Boeing B-29s on the Tarmac (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Superfortress
Boeing B-29s parked on the tarmac during WWII (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29s parked on the tarmac during WWII
Boeing B-29 Superfortress (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Superfortress
Boeing B-29s on the Flight Line (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29s on the Flight Line
Boeing B-29 C3 at Alexandria Air Force Base (Photo courtesy of the Louisiana History Museum)
Boeing B-29 C3 at England Air Force Base (Photo courtesy of the Louisiana History Museum)
Boeing B-29 B3 at Alexandria Air Force Base (Photo courtesy of the Louisiana History Museum)
Boeing B-29 B3 at England Air Force Base (Photo courtesy of the Louisiana History Museum)

B-29s at the Iwo Jima airfield shortly after the United States captured the island, and built the airfield.
This photo was taken by a Navy Seebee working on the island building runways.
Photo has never been previously published.
Photo reprinted with permission from the Louisiana History Museum

B-29s at the Iwo Jima airfield shortly after the United States captured the island, and built the airfield
B-29-55-MO Superfortress S/N 44-86422 taxis while B-50D 4854 lands
at McClennan Field, Sacramento, California, circa 1948
(Photo used by permission of the photographer, William T. Larkins)
B-29 Superfortress S/N 44-86422 taxis while B-50D 4854 lands at McClennan Field, Sacramento, California, circa 1948

Photos of the B-29 Enola Gay During World War II

Boeing B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay" (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 Superfortress "Enola Gay"
Boeing B-29 "Enola Gay" landing after Hiroshima bombing run (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Boeing B-29 "Enola Gay" landing after Hiroshima bombing run
"Enola Gay" parked on tarmac after Hiroshima atomic bomb flight (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
"Enola Gay" parked on tarmac after Hiroshima atomic bomb flight

Photos of the B-29 in Desert Storage After World War II

Rows of cocooned B-29 Superfortress bombers in storage at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base, circa 1950 (National Archives)
Rows of cocooned B-29 Superfortress bombers in storage at Davis-Monthan Air Force Base boneyard, circa 1950
Rows of B-29 Superfortress bombers in desert storage after World War II - February, 1947 (LIFE Magazine photo)
Rows of B-29 Superfortress bombers in desert storage after World War II
Boeing B-29 "Bockscar" in storage at Davis-Monthan AFB (Photo courtesy of the U.S. Air Force)
Now on display at the Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio
Boeing B-29 "Bockscar" in storage at Davis-Monthan AFB

B-29 Superfortress Historic Postcard

Historic Postcard: Boeing B-29 "Super Fortress" of the U.S. Army Air Forces
Historic Postcard: Boeing B-29 Super Fortress of the U.S. Army Air Forces


More about the B-29

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